Disability Retirement For Federal Workers – The Importance of a Coherent and Consistent Application

Federal and Postal employees either fall into one of two possible retirement systems: FERS (an acronym for Federal Employee Retirement System) or CSRS (Civil Service Retirement System). Whichever system the Federal or Postal employee falls under, the benefit of Federal Disability Retirement is an option which is available, in the event that a Federal Government worker is no longer able to perform at least one of the essential elements of one’s job. Remember that, in order to qualify for Federal Disability Retirement benefits, the medical condition or injury does not have to be job-related. Indeed, one could have incurred a career-ending spinal injury while on a skiing trip, and still qualify for Federal Disability Retirement benefits under either FERS or CSRS.

The Agency which determines that a Federal or Postal Employee is entitled to Federal Disability Retirement benefits is the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). They are empowered by statutory authority to scrutinize each application for approval or disapproval. In order to be eligible for the benefit of Federal Disability Retirement, one must prove, by a preponderance of the evidence, three basic components:

(A) a Federal or Postal employee under FERS or CSRS has a medical condition;

(B) the medical condition prevents him or her from performing one or more of the essential elements of one’s job; and

(C) that the Agency is unable to accommodate the individual or, alternatively, to reassign the individual to a position in the same pay or grade.

In order to successfully prepare and submit an application for Federal Disability Retirement benefits, two overarching elements should always be kept in mind: Coherence and Consistency. “Coherence” has to do with the form of the application, while “consistency” has to do with the content, or substance of the application. Both elements are important in preparing an effective Federal Disability Retirement application. Thus, an effective Federal Disability Retirement application will make logical sense and “fit together” with everything (coherence), as well as have an internal structure of information which agrees with one another (consistency).

How does one prove that he or she is eligible for Federal Disability Retirement benefits? Is there a table or schedule of accepted medical conditions? As to the latter question, the general answer is “No”. Qualifying medical conditions have more to do with the symptoms of a medical condition, rather than the formal diagnosis. Thus, physical conditions can range from Cervical & Lumbar diseases, Degenerative Disc Disease, Spondylolisthesis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Failed Back Syndrome, Chronic Pain; Fibromyalgia; to total hip replacements which limit and restrict flexion and mobility; cardiac issues; migraine headaches; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Chemical Sensitivity issues; Asthma; Hypothyroidism; Plantar Fasciitis; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; shoulder problems, often referred to as bursitis or shoulder impingement syndrome; trochanteric bursitis; lupus, Multiple Sclerosis, as well as a great many other conditions which are not named here, and which are too numerous to catalogue. As for Psychiatric conditions, the list can be just as long: Major Depression, Anxiety, Panic Attacks, Bipolar Disorder, Agoraphobia, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, ADD & ADHD; Paranoia; Schizophrenia; Asperger’s Syndrome; and multiple other psychiatric conditions. Whether attempting to file for Federal Disability Retirement benefits based upon a physical medical condition or a psychiatric medical condition, it is important to prove that one is eligible for the benefit.

Which brings us to the first question: How does one prove that he or she is eligible for Federal Disability Retirement benefits, either under FERS or CSRS? In any application for Federal or Postal Disability Retirement benefits, one must make sure that the application is both coherent, as well as consistent. Coherence of an application results when all of the various components of the application “fit” together. Thus, for example, in preparing the Applicant’s Statement of Disability (SF 3112A), Block 4 asks the applicant to “Fully Describe Your Disease or Injury”. If the disease or injury is a physical one, then the focus of the narrative should be to describe the pain, the physical restrictions and limitations, etc. Then, when one comes to Block 5, where it asks how your disease or injury interferes with the performance of “your duties, your attendance, or your conduct,” the focus should have a coherence with the previous answer – meaning that, if the narrative described physical issues, the impact upon one’s job should therefore focus upon the physical aspect of the job. Thus, by way of example, to say that you “cannot concentrate or focus” upon a certain aspect of the job, would only be coherent if either (A) the job required cognitive-intensive work and the severity of the pain impacted one’s cognitive faculties, or (B) the medications prescribed to alleviate the physical condition impacts one’s focus or concentration. Conversely, if the narrative concerning one’s medical condition entails primarily psychiatric issues, then the impact upon one’s job should encapsulate cognitive issues (i.e., focus, concentration, ability to analyze, evaluate, etc.). As you can see, coherence in an application for Federal Disability Retirement benefits is an important component.

Furthermore, an effective application for Federal Disability Retirement benefits under FERS or CSRS should be consistent. Each element of the application should “agree”, wherever possible, with all of the other components. Where inconsistencies occur – for example, between what the treating doctor says and what the applicant states in his or her explanation on SF 3112A – a red flag may arise, providing an opportunity for a denial from the Office of Personnel Management. Thus, don’t try to “oversell” the description of the medical condition. Remember how, when you were deathly ill but your voice sounded perfectly normal over the telephone? You had to call in sick, and you had to “sound like” you were sick, even though you were in fact deathly ill. In preparing a Federal Disability Retirement application, this is not the time to “sound like” something more than what the treating doctor states.

Ultimately, the success or failure of a Federal Disability Retirement application under FERS or CSRS as submitted to the Office of Personnel Management will depend upon the coherence and consistency of the application. Preparation is the key to success, and it is important to always remember that coherence and consistency are two elements which must always guide the formulation, preparation and submission of a successful Federal Disability Retirement application.

Novel Netware Network Operating System

This is an operating system that has the capabilities of supporting information and resources sharing between network computers. It provides an influence between workstation in a network.

Network Operating System Services includes:

File and resource sharing – Is the fundamental requirement for a network ie is the reason behind networking computers.

Configurability and usability – configuration and use should be easy paper documentation, electronic format, books should be provided for a first time user to get the network up and running.

Support – any kind of useful information should always be available.

Types of Network Operating System:

Novel Netware
• It is the first NOS to support the multiple platforms
• It was the first NOS to support multiple and varying topologies and routines between this different topologies
• Novel Netware servers typically outperform other network servers because it is by design network operating system

Features of Novel NOS include:

• Novel directory services (NOS)

NDS offering is what makes a novel a strong competitor of Windows NT. It uses X.500 standard and therefore prevent the creation of duplicate objects. Each object has a distinguish name (DN). Because NDS directory services is displayed in neat graphically arranged order, objects such as users, printers, workstations and application servers are sharing an organization structure to the system administration user. You can log in as the administrator user from any workstation. This enables you to manage the entire directory tree. You can add and remove user's services and other network resources. Users need to log only once in order to gain access to all network resources.

• Security Services

All passwords flows back and forth from the Netware server to the client workstation in an encrypted format, even the administrator can not look at user's password on the server. The administrator can remove and add users permission but only the users know their own password, even if users get to physical Netware server, they have no greater access to resources that would have on their own workstation is build into the network system because Netware security is build into the Netware system of the lowest level. All attempts to access information or resources on the network go through on the network security system.

• Database services

Provide a central repository for information on the server, the major database management system available is
Netware C – a database record management system index with a database key for easy development for vertical application.

Netware SQL – standard used for accessing records stored in relational database system.
Oracle DBMS – it is SQL based system used primarily business critical application in different lines of business.

• Messaging services

Provide a messaging service called Netware message handling service. This provides ease of message, transmission between many fronted applications. This application can share data over the LANs and Novel word.

• Print services

Allows up to 16 printers to be shared per print server on the Network and therefore a real flexibility of printing, Printers need not to be attached to the actual print server in order to be operated.

• Netware loadable machine (NLM)

Netware loadable modules are maintained by Novel Netware operation. It provide the power needed to support hierarchy used network services in the server. have the same access to the Netware security services making them same to control and monitor.

Advantages of the Novel Netware
Has the print and file server software in the business and its sharing of files and printers that makes a network important and useful. Has the best LAN NOS directory service.

Disadvantages
As an application server its failures as Windows NT beats it on this case. Poor at printing data / information network status and management. It has build in network management tools that are not powerful.

Pros and Cons of Modern Communication Devices

There is no condemning the fact, that among all theventions the Internet and mobile phone are the two that have changed communication the most. There are three reasons of this: the devices significantly reduced the time in which information is sent, they are widely available, and let us pass messages in various ways.

The advantages of modern communication devices.

First, via the Internet information reaches the other person almost immediately: emails are a faster version of letters, while documents (photos, records, music etc.) can be quickly sent as an attachment or uploaded on the special websites in just a few minutes . Also mobile phones make information get to someone at once which is of great value at work.

Then, both the Internet and mobile phone are widespread across the globe and there is hardly anyone who does not own these devices. Thanks to them people can easily contact with their families or job associates living abroad.

Lastly, while using these two conventions we are not limited to one form of communication. The Internet lets us exchange written information via emails, social networking or IM, but we can also hear and see one another thanks to video chats. Mobile phones enable both texting and calling, with the additional function that lets the users attach pictures, records and photos.

All the benefits of modern communication are obvious and it is out of question for people not to take advantage of them. However, what is worried is that communication by the means of technology is becoming not common one, but the only way of communication. People tend to forget about all the values ​​and advantages of a face-to-face conversation and meetings.

Not face-to-face communication is adapted too much …

So why is communication that is not face-to-face being adopted too much? It is mainly because overworked societies act in haste and suitably to the old saying: "time is money". People find it unnecessary to waste their time on traveling over some distance or getting stuck in a traffic if they can save minutes by calling someone from the place they are.

Rathermore, people began to think that it does not make any difference if they see someone face-to-face or with the use of a video camera. They find these two ways equal while the Internet conversation: lacks true emotions, we can not hug someone when they are sad, or observe their true feelings.

Probably the worst use of modern communication devices is when one wants to avoid confrontation stressful or difficult situations at person. Now, a lot of teenagers break off with their partners by texting them. The result may be that in the future they can be unable to face serious problems that can not be deal with in other way that during a face-to-face talk.

As the mentioned points estimate, instead of developing real relationships, people hit it off with strangers via the Internet; instead of talking to their neighbors, they get on the phone and they no longer know surrounding them people.

If we do not cultivate the traditional way of communication that is face-to-face one, more and more people will: have problems with building real relationships, suffer the feeling of isolation, and be characterized by low emotional intelligence.

Best Online Food Ordering System – Restaurant Checklist

Choosing the best online ordering system will be easier if you have a checklist to go by, so you can use this to help you!

What may be the best for you, may not be not the best for someone else. And what may be the best for someone else, may not be the best for you.

From a computer programming point of you, the best is one that is totally customized to your needs and no one elses … period. But this can be very expensive, so it is not really an option for most restaurateurs.

-Ask if they have any experience with this type of system being installed on different food service businesses. If it is based on past experience then chances are you are benefiting from their real world experience and you benefit from their system design based on their past experience.

-Simple to navigate, not cluttered and easy to order quickly with out too much trying to figure out how to order online.

-Professional looking and not cheesy looking.

-The option to integrate with your website if you already have one, or one one that allows you to customize it for your own look and appeal.

-Easy for you to change, add, delete your online menu at will that is not dependent on someone else that will charge you each time they make a change for you.

-A online ordering system that can be search engine optimized otherwise it is not worth it. This is a critical component in allowing you to get free organic traffic from the search engines.

24-hour support imperative

-Whom ever sells you the system find out if he or she knows anything about search engine optimization, or how to get traffic to your site this is worth in the $ 1000's of dollars and if he or she can consult you in this area, you are at an advantage if you purchase from him or her that can assist you with quickly understanding insider secrets that are very expensive to get. This individual is very valuable. He or she can help you make more money and save money by consulting you for free.

-Secure payment Gateways with options to protect your customers credit card information, when they order online from your website.

-Ask if your customers credit information is not stored anywhere, it is deleted so not to compromise any of your customers credit card personal information.

-Quick and simple tracking ordering system to allow you to track your orders.

-Will your system information be backed up, if so how often.

-One that search engine optimization has been applied from the beginning if not later on is ok, but better sooner then later.

-A back office support system that allows you to maximize your online ordering system, allows to track all of your sales history so you can analyze what is selling online and is not.
-One that the system can grow with your growth, and handle the bandwidth being used up if you start getting a lot of traffic.

-Real-time database generation, that will allow you to tap into consumer behavior and ordering patterns, which may give you some ideas on how to market better to them.

-Friendly but comprehensive sales reports are critical to have, does it offer this.

Copyright @ 2008